PRE-K Goals for Learning
- Speaking & Listening Standard
Ask & answer questions
Communicates needs, ideas and thoughts
Relate meaningful experiences
Listen and follow directions
Distinguish environmental sounds
Listen and respond to different types of books
Awareness of correct grammar through modeling
Ability to converse; give & take, on topic
Recite phrases learned
Participate in small group discussions & conversations
Exposure to other languages
Expanding their vocabulary through experiences
Expanding vocabulary through books, poems and visitors to the classroom
Communicates with teacher, and child to child
Teachers listen attentively as child relates experiences
Creative Art Standards
Participates in pretend and real life experiences through dramatic play
Uses dramatic play to explore, learn, experience
Has used various materials and techniques to create, including scissors
Process is valued over end result allowing for exploration and creativity
Introduced to different styles of art
Learning descriptive language for art experiences
- Music and Movement
Moves to rhythm and movement activities of songs
Exposure to instruments and different types of music
Experiences the dynamics of softer and louder, slow and fast
Literacy (Reading/Writing) Standards
- Print Concepts and Phonemic Awareness
Familiarity with books including opening front, begin at left, turning pages, move to right
Introduced to all types of books
Recognize letters of own name and in the environment
Recognition of upper case & lower case letters
Associate letters (print) with sounds
Name words that begin with the same sound
Begin to recognize rhyming words
Begin to blend sounds to form a three letter word
Use picture clues to discover what a book is about
Enjoy different types of books including poetry
See connections in a story that relate to their own experience
During story, can make a prediction of what will happen next
Identify characters and feelings in a story
Tells about a story in their own words
Begin to discuss & learn from a story
Dramatize stories and use an expressive voice
Recite a phrase
- Literature Standard
Selects books of interest to them
Refer to books for information
Have experience with many types of book (informative, historical, stories, picture, humorous, rhyme & rhythm)
Exposed to other cultures and experiences through books
Introduced to author, illustrator
Participate in creating a story
Able to verbalize a story of their own experience or fantasy through dictation to a teacher
Learning to differentiate between real and make-believe
Starts with verbalizing experiences
Shares their ideas for a story
Associates telling a story by drawing a picture
Will tell about drawing with teacher adding dictated words
Correct pencil grasp
Forms letters from top to bottom and writes from left to right
Transitioning from upper case letter print to lower case
- Number Sense
Knowledge of quantity and of comparisons of quantity (all, some, non, fewer, more)
Develop one-to-one correspondence up to 10, counts to 20
Begin to associate number words with objects counted
Begin to use numbers to predict and make realistic guesses
Discover numbers always represent the same quantity – regardless of the arrangement (close or spread out)
- Patterns and Functions of Numbers
Practice sorting, classifying, and ordering
Works puzzles, developing visual skills and problem solving
Observe and distinguish differences in objects, including ordering them (ie: biggest to smallest)
Learn to recognize, duplicate, and create patterns
Identify sequence of events of current time and past events
Introduction to charts and graphs as a way of collecting and organizing information
Building knowledge of things that go together
Can identify six basic shapes – circle, square, rectangle, triangle, oval/ellipse, diamond/rhombus
- Collecting information, describing, and problem solving
Making collections of items, sorting by 1 or 2 characteristics (attributes)
Make observations and predict outcomes
Problem solving by testing ideas and finding solutions
Exploring size, shape, and spatial arrangements
Naming various shapes, including exposure to rhombus for diamond and ellipse for oval
Manipulating shapes to make new shapes
Verbalizing positional words as above, behind, below, middle, over, far, near
Introduction to the concept of time
Knowledge of time-related words: day/night, yesterday/today/tomorrow, days of week
Developing knowledge of sequence (what comes next), through consistency, in time & events
Uses length of familiar object to learn measuring, introduced to use of standard measuring tools
Verbalizing changes in temperature, seasons, growth, etc
Recognizing small groups of numbers without “touch counting”
Combining and separating groups of objects
Beginning to estimate quantity
Introduction to currency concepts
Exposure to whole and fractions
Physical Development & Health Standards
Will choose and participate in various physical activities
Demonstrates control, balance, strength and coordination in large muscles
Participates in activities to develop eye-hand coordination in large and small muscles
Manipulates writing and/or painting utensils with increasing skill
Learning to make healthy food choices for healthier bodies
Science Standards – Earth, Physical, Life
Show curiosity and seek information
Learning to describe what they are doing
Explore and try different ways
Expanded vocabulary of descriptive words
Exposure to changes – applying heat, combining elements, freezing
Uses tools to explore – tweezers, eyedroppers, magnifying glasses
Uses tools to record – graphs, photos, drawings
Explores life science by discovering animals, insects, and life cycles in animals and plants
Simply describes weather and seasons
Learns to make comparison between similar and different objects
Aware of the process of growth and development of their own bodies
Awareness of healthy choices
Combining and cooking activities to explore results
Social Studies Standards
Celebrate each child’s uniqueness – made by God!
Discovering their own likes & dislikes, as well as those of their friends
Learning to stretch their focus beyond themselves
Awareness that children all over the world have the same needs – love, food, safety
Notes differences in other’s appearance and abilities – which makes every one special!
Learning to accommodate give and take in play – taking turns, sharing, communication
Awareness of other’s needs and offering to help
Discovering typical food, family life, travel, and play of children from various cultures
Learning to negotiate through disagreements
Introduction to a wide range of jobs with dramatic play opportunities
Learning about things that are made and jobs that serve others
Exchange of money
Discuss travel and explore a globe, use a map
Consider different climate and natural environments through books, visitors, dramatic play
Family traditions, sharing their own and learning others
Familiarity with the terms describing family members – i.e brother, aunt, grandpa, cousins
Learns democratic way of the preference of the majority
Shows respect and manners
Affirmed they are loved and important by the actions and words of their parents and teachers
Can separate from parents and transition between activities
Developing self confidence by realizing their ideas and needs are valued
Experiences the freedom of trying, failing, and trying again – persistence
Hears encouragement and is celebrated in accomplishments
Learning to balance self needs and helping others
Feels worthy to be heard, confident to explore
Learning to resist the urge to be powerful over others –
“I won’t be your friend!” and chooses kindness instead
Can verbalize needs
Can express strong emotions with words instead of being physical
Knows that it is OK to want to take a break from others for awhile
Learning self control by waiting for a turn, or for attention from a teacher, and behavior choices
Learning that limits and boundaries are for their best interests
Know they can always ask for help
Shares responsibility, builds teamwork in tasks
Can acknowledge error and ask for forgiveness
Feels that joy, curiosity, and sharing are fostered at preschool
Can be “the best” and not make fun of others
Learns how to play considerately thereby forming positive peer relationships
Knows right from wrong
- Children will understand that…
God created the world and everything in it
God is powerful – greater than any one or any thing else
God made each one of us special and unique
Jesus is God’s Son and He loves us
Jesus takes our punishment
Jesus is alive
We are forgiven and are to forgive others
God loves our praise
The Bible is God’s letter to us
God and Jesus want us to treat others with respect and kindness
We can talk to God and Jesus anytime – it’s called prayer
God and Jesus want us to obey our parents
God and Jesus wants us to choose right over wrong
National Association of the Education of the Young Child – NAEYC
Gaye Gronlund’s Connecting Your Practice & Curriculum to State Guidelines
Colorado State Standards and Adams 12 Pre-Kindergarten School District Standards
LITERACY – How Standards Are Taught
As children prepare to be readers there are many smaller steps in the process of reading success. This process begins at birth with language acquisition. As children listen to their parents talking, they begin by understanding that words have meaning. They then begin to use these words to express themselves as they enter the toddler stage of development. Preschool children often have developed listening and speaking skills and are now ready to begin to make the connection from these skills to print. Through modeling, conversation and asking questions Little Lights teachers are building listening and speaking skills with children throughout each school day.
There are three major areas that we address in the classroom in order to develop pre-reading skills: letter identification, phonemic awareness, and building words. (Phonemic awareness builds a child’s understanding that words are made up of individual sounds and that those sounds can be represented by a letter or multiple letters.) Activities are incorporated into each day that build on these three key reading readiness areas. Following are examples of how literacy standards are implemented in the Pre-K classroom at Little Lights.
- Children use the letters in their name to match them with letter tiles. As they master their own name, they are then completing the same activity with their friend’s names.
- Utilizing wipe off board for writing practice, and letter identification
- Popcorn Game: Using letter flashcards, children pop-up when their name is called and identify the letter name and/or sound.
- Children work with many different types of alphabet puzzles to build recognition. As a group, children may each take a letter of the puzzle and work to complete the puzzle together as they identify the letters in sequence.
- Mother May I: Each child is given a letter or letters and the group stands at the end of the room. The teacher calls out a letter name and/or sound and the child with that letter takes a step forward.
- Beginning sound tubs: Children have small objects that begin with the same sound. The children sort the objects into the correct tub with the beginning letter.
- Beginning sound puzzles: Children use self-correcting puzzles to match a letter with a picture that begins with the letter sound.
- Using the letter of the week, children brainstorm words that begin with that letter sound.
- Rhyming: Using songs, poems, finger plays and games, children begin to recognize ending sounds through rhyming. Children also play matching games with rhyming words.
- Using simple three letter words, children work to identify the beginning, middle and end sounds. Then are asked to change one of the sounds to make a new word.
- Utilizing literature, with frequent uses of the letter of the week, to demonstrate the letter sound. As the teacher reads, children can clap or raise their hand every time they hear a word that begins with the key sound. Reading quality children’s literature aloud creates interest in and love of reading. We use literature each day.
- Choosing a letter of the week allows the teachers to build the theme and activities around words that begin with the letter sound, further re-enforcing the letter and sound.
- Children use a variety of multisensory materials to build simple words: letter tiles, magnets, writing in salt, writing in shaving cream, and using letter stamps in play dough.
- Children use post-it notes with word endings and add a letter tile for the beginning sound to build words.
- Children complete puzzles that build words by adding the beginning sound.
Listening and Speaking
- Through modeling, teachers are providing a language rich environment, utilizing new vocabulary with each weekly theme. This modeling is a powerful way to teach children the basics of sentence structure as well.
- Teachers are constantly asking higher level questions throughout the day that require thoughtful responses. These questions prompt children to think about a topic and formulate an oral response.
- As children complete preschool they should be able to follow multiple step directions. Teachers are working with children on this skill in the classroom through consistent daily routines, visual and auditory cues, and clear directions.
- Children use dramatic play to retell literature that has been read in the classroom. Through this play children gain a greater comprehension of the story.
Pre-reading skills are constantly being developed in the young child. Parents and teachers help children to recognize print within their environment as well as sounds of language. It is our goal that as the children enter kindergarten they have the tools they need to be successful readers.
MATH – How Standards Are Taught
Introducing math concepts begins at a very young age as children sort and classify their world with simple activities such as putting toys away in different bins. Parents naturally count with their children through play and daily activities. Concepts of time and money also come through experiences at the store and explanations about how long an activity will take. All of these ideas are introducing the preschool child to basic math principles that they will build on through their elementary school years.
Math principles are present in our classrooms in many different ways. As teachers we strive to implement math standards through play, games and activities. We use a wide variety of manipulatives and rarely use paper and pencil tasks. The following activities are examples of how math standards are implemented in the classrooms at Little Lights.
- Sorting and Classifying: Teachers often use sensory activities to develop sorting and classifying skills. You may see the sensory tub filled with a variety of items that the children sort based on attributes. Other sorting activities may be set as a table top activity with different cups or sections to separate the items. As children master this skill they will use graphs to represent this information.
- Shape Recognition: Children work to identify and name shapes found in the environment. They work with shape games and activities that build on this knowledge as well.
- Creating Patterns: Patterns are a part of our environment and as teachers we help children to find those patterns. Children create patterns in their art using various media. A variety of manipulatives including colored blocks, sorting bears and soft circles are used to allow children to create and identify patterns. Children can work in small groups with one child creating a pattern and the rest of the children repeating the pattern.
- Measurement: Children explore measuring through sensory tubs that include water, flour, cornmeal and beans. As they have more experiences with measurement children are then able to use descriptive words such as more, less, equal, etc. Children use units of measurement such as a crayon to measure each other and make hypothesis about the differences in height as well as the number of crayons that would represent that difference. Children explore using rulers to make straight lines with an introduction to the concept of inches.
- Money: Through dramatic play in a grocery store center, children use play money to buy items. Real change is also used for sorting activities and introducing children to the names of coins. Children may use counting activities to understand how much each coin is worth. Children can count out ten pennies to represent a dime.
- One-to-one correspondence: Children develop the ability to count items and people using one-to-one correspondence. For Valentines Day the Pre-K class asks the children to count 20 candy hearts for a special gift for mom and dad. Counting activities are a part of every day at school.
- Estimation: Children love to play guessing games about how many items they see.
- Fractions: Children are introduced to the concept of whole, half and quarter by cutting snack items, separating groups of items or children, and cutting shapes.
- Number Concepts: Children are introduced to number words and symbols through manipulatives. Given a number and color, children are asked to count that number of blocks that have the same color. Puzzles help to make connections with the number word, symbol and pictures of that number of items. The teachers have created a variety of them specific activities to build number knowledge.
- Calendar: Each day at the beginning of circle time children use the calendar to understand time and work with specific numbers.
- Puzzles: Working puzzles helps children build cognitive skills in problem solving and shape relationships.
SCIENCE AND SOCIAL STUDIES – How Standards Are Taught
Science and social studies principles help young children to understand and make sense of their world. Children explore by first using their five senses. In the classroom, teachers are designing activities each week that will appeal to all five senses and allow children to experience learning similar material in a variety of different ways that will engage unique learning styles. It is through science and social studies activities that children are developing vocabulary to describe their environment and experiences. The following activities are examples of how Science and Social Studies standards are implemented in the classrooms at Little Lights.
Science Instructional Activities:
- Observation: Children use observation and descriptive language to describe scientific phenomenon. Children observe changes that happen when vinegar and baking soda are combined and make predictions about what will happen to a balloon that is placed at the top of the bottle. Children also observe changes in weather and seasons.
- Scientific tools: Using tools such as tweezers, eyedroppers, magnifying glasses and magnets allows for exploration of scientific principles. Pre-K develops entire units around magnets and exploring magnetism. Other tools such as graphing, pictures, and drawings allow children to record their observations.
- Sensory Exploration: Teachers provide children with a large variety of sensory experiences. Children may be exploring different types of apples using touch, sight, taste, smell, and then graphing their findings. Each classroom includes a sensory tub, providing a wide variety of sensory experiences for the children to explore.
- Life Science: Young children have a natural fascination with plants and animals. Through a wide variety of themes including: our bodies, gardening, birds, bugs, polar animals, forest animals, and zoo, children are learning about plants and animals. They are exploring different habitats that animals live in as well as learning the life cycle of plants.
Social Studies Activities:
- Personal Uniqueness: We celebrate that each child is made unique by God and that no two children are the same. Teachers take a time at the beginning of each school year to get to know the children individually, understanding their likes/dislikes, temperament including giving them opportunity to create art that represents them.
- Awareness of Others: One of the greatest goals of preschool is to develop social skills and classroom routines in preparation for kindergarten. We strive to teach children kindness and compassion as they understand that other children have feelings and ideas that may be different from their own. Through children’s daily interactions teachers help children learn to take turns, share and use their words to communicate their feelings and ideas. We also give children the tools and skills to solve conflicts with peers on their own.
- Maps and Globes: Maps and globes are a part of the exploration of our world. Teachers include these learning tools and introduce basic vocabulary such as continents, oceans, equator and poles. Children explore creating a map of the school and then follow that map on an adventure.
- Multicultural Experiences: Children from around the world have many of the same needs and wants as Little Lights children. In exploring other cultures, your children come to understand these similarities and differences. Using pictures displayed, books shared, and exploring materials, they come to recognize other cultures and people groups. Teachers present music, food, clothing, holidays and traditions from other cultures.
- Exploring a wide range of occupations through dramatic play and parent visitors