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Instructional Standards

PRE-K Goals for Learning

Communication Standards

  • Speaking & Listening Standard

        Ask & answer questions
        Communicates needs, ideas and thoughts
        Relate meaningful experiences
        Listen and follow directions
        Distinguish environmental sounds
        Listen and respond to different types of books
        Awareness of correct grammar through modeling
        Ability to converse; give & take, on topic
        Share ideas
        Recite phrases learned
        Participate in small group discussions & conversations
        Exposure to other languages

  • Vocabulary

        Expanding their vocabulary through experiences
        Expanding vocabulary through books, poems and visitors to the classroom
        Communicates with teacher, and child to child
        Teachers listen attentively as child relates experiences

Creative Art Standards

  • Drama

        Participates in pretend and real life experiences through dramatic play
        Uses dramatic play to explore, learn, experience

  • Art

        Has used various materials and techniques to create, including scissors
        Process is valued over end result allowing for exploration and creativity
        Introduced to different styles of art
        Learning descriptive language for art experiences

  • Music and Movement

        Sing songs
        Moves to rhythm and movement activities of songs
        Exposure to instruments and different types of music
        Experiences the dynamics of softer and louder, slow and fast

Literacy (Reading/Writing) Standards

  • Print Concepts and Phonemic Awareness

        Familiarity with books including opening front, begin at left, turning pages, move to right
        Introduced to all types of books
        Recognize letters of own name and in the environment
        Recognition of upper case & lower case letters
        Associate letters (print) with sounds
        Name words that begin with the same sound
        Begin to recognize rhyming words
        Begin to blend sounds to form a three letter word

  • Comprehension

        Use picture clues to discover what a book is about
        Enjoy different types of books including poetry
        See connections in a story that relate to their own experience
        During story, can make a prediction of what will happen next
        Identify characters and feelings in a story
        Tells about a story in their own words
        Begin to discuss & learn from a story
        Dramatize stories and use an expressive voice
        Recite a phrase

  • Literature Standard

        Selects books of interest to them
        Refer to books for information
        Have experience with many types of book (informative, historical, stories, picture, humorous, rhyme & rhythm)
        Exposed to other cultures and experiences through books
        Introduced to author, illustrator
        Participate in creating a story
        Able to verbalize a story of their own experience or fantasy through dictation to a teacher
        Learning to differentiate between real and make-believe

  • Writing

        Starts with verbalizing experiences
        Shares their ideas for a story
        Associates telling a story by drawing a picture
        Will tell about drawing with teacher adding dictated words
        Correct pencil grasp
        Forms letters from top to bottom and writes from left to right
        Transitioning from upper case letter print to lower case

Math Standards

  • Number Sense

        Knowledge of quantity and of comparisons of quantity (all, some, non, fewer, more)
        Develop one-to-one correspondence up to 10, counts to 20
        Begin to associate number words with objects counted
        Begin to use numbers to predict and make realistic guesses
        Discover numbers always represent the same quantity – regardless of the arrangement (close or spread out)

  • Patterns and Functions of Numbers

        Practice sorting, classifying, and ordering
        Works puzzles, developing visual skills and problem solving
        Observe and distinguish differences in objects, including ordering them (ie: biggest to smallest)
        Learn to recognize, duplicate, and create patterns
        Identify sequence of events of current time and past events
        Introduction to charts and graphs as a way of collecting and organizing information
        Building knowledge of things that go together
        Can identify six basic shapes – circle, square, rectangle, triangle, oval/ellipse, diamond/rhombus

  • Collecting information, describing, and problem solving


        Making collections of items, sorting by 1 or 2 characteristics (attributes)
        Make observations and predict outcomes
        Problem solving by testing ideas and finding solutions
        Exploring size, shape, and spatial arrangements
        Naming various shapes, including exposure to rhombus for diamond and ellipse for oval
        Manipulating shapes to make new shapes
        Verbalizing positional words as above, behind, below, middle, over, far, near

  • Measurement

        Introduction to the concept of time
        Knowledge of time-related words: day/night, yesterday/today/tomorrow, days of week
        Developing knowledge of sequence (what comes next), through consistency, in time & events
        Uses length of familiar object to learn measuring, introduced to use of standard measuring tools
        Verbalizing changes in temperature, seasons, growth, etc

  • Computation

        Recognizing small groups of numbers without “touch counting”
        Combining and separating groups of objects
        Beginning to estimate quantity
        Introduction to currency concepts
        Exposure to whole and fractions

Physical Development & Health Standards

        Will choose and participate in various physical activities
        Demonstrates control, balance, strength and coordination in large muscles
        Participates in activities to develop eye-hand coordination in large and small muscles
        Manipulates writing and/or painting utensils with increasing skill
        Learning to make healthy food choices for healthier bodies


Science Standards – Earth, Physical, Life

        Show curiosity and seek information
        Learning to describe what they are doing
        Explore and try different ways
        Sensory exploration
        Expanded vocabulary of descriptive words
        Exposure to changes – applying heat, combining elements, freezing
        Uses tools to explore – tweezers, eyedroppers, magnifying glasses
        Uses tools to record – graphs, photos, drawings
        Explores life science by discovering animals, insects, and life cycles in animals and plants
        Simply describes weather and seasons
        Learns to make comparison between similar and different objects
        Aware of the process of growth and development of their own bodies
        Awareness of healthy choices
        Combining and cooking activities to explore results

Social Studies Standards

        Celebrate each child’s uniqueness – made by God!
        Discovering their own likes & dislikes, as well as those of their friends
        Learning to stretch their focus beyond themselves
        Awareness that children all over the world have the same needs – love, food, safety
        Notes differences in other’s appearance and abilities – which makes every one special!
        Learning to accommodate give and take in play – taking turns, sharing, communication
        Awareness of other’s needs and offering to help
        Discovering typical food, family life, travel, and play of children from various cultures
        Learning to negotiate through disagreements
        Introduction to a wide range of jobs with dramatic play opportunities
        Learning about things that are made and jobs that serve others
        Exchange of money
        Discuss travel and explore a globe, use a map
        Consider different climate and natural environments through books, visitors, dramatic play
        Family traditions, sharing their own and learning others
        Familiarity with the terms describing family members – i.e brother, aunt, grandpa, cousins
        Learns democratic way of the preference of the majority
        Shows respect and manners

Social/Emotional Standards

        Affirmed they are loved and important by the actions and words of their parents and teachers
        Can separate from parents and transition between activities
        Developing self confidence by realizing their ideas and needs are valued
        Experiences the freedom of trying, failing, and trying again – persistence
        Hears encouragement and is celebrated in accomplishments
        Learning to balance self needs and helping others
        Feels worthy to be heard, confident to explore
        Learning to resist the urge to be powerful over others –
        “I won’t be your friend!” and chooses kindness instead
        Can verbalize needs
        Can express strong emotions with words instead of being physical
        Knows that it is OK to want to take a break from others for awhile
        Learning self control by waiting for a turn, or for attention from a teacher, and behavior choices
        Learning that limits and boundaries are for their best interests
        Know they can always ask for help
        Shares responsibility, builds teamwork in tasks
        Can acknowledge error and ask for forgiveness
        Feels that joy, curiosity, and sharing are fostered at preschool
        Can be “the best” and not make fun of others
        Learns how to play considerately thereby forming positive peer relationships
        Builds friendships
        Knows right from wrong

Spiritual Standards

  • Children will understand that…

        God created the world and everything in it
        God is powerful – greater than any one or any thing else
        God made each one of us special and unique
        Jesus is God’s Son and He loves us
        Jesus takes our punishment
        Jesus is alive
        We are forgiven and are to forgive others
        God loves our praise
        The Bible is God’s letter to us
        God and Jesus want us to treat others with respect and kindness
        We can talk to God and Jesus anytime – it’s called prayer
        God and Jesus want us to obey our parents
        God and Jesus wants us to choose right over wrong

        National Association of the Education of the Young Child – NAEYC
        Gaye Gronlund’s Connecting Your Practice & Curriculum to State Guidelines
        Colorado State Standards and Adams 12 Pre-Kindergarten School District Standards



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